Stun Guns work by basically generating “electrical noise” that the sensory nervous system interprets as pain or discomfort. This “noise” interrupts the electrical signals that communicate messages back and forth from the brain to the rest of the body. Like communication traveling over the internet or telephone system, these communication messages run through nerve cells that branch throughout your body. They carry information from the brain about how the muscles should move or from your finger tips back to the brain telling how something feels.
The basic idea of the stun gun is to confuse this communication system by delivering a high voltage (very fast) combined with a low amperage (low intensity) charge to temporarily confuse the attacker’s nervous system which eventually leads to disable an attacker for several minutes (depending on the attacker’s body strength, mentality and pain tolerance). The high voltage allows the charge to quickly pass through clothing and skin, but the low 3-milliamp amperage is not intense enough to damage the attacker’s body (unless applied for an extended period of time). Therefore, unlike lightening with high amperage, the electricity from a stun gun is non lethal.
When you press the stun gun against an attacker and hold the trigger, the electricity stored in the stun gun is dumped into the assailant’s nervous system and the normal body signals get mixed up with noise. The muscles and brain are no longer able to communicate because the messages are no longer understood. The result is temporary confusion and imbalance. Alternatively, stun guns can generate current with a pulse frequency that mimics the body’s own electrical signals telling the attacker’s muscles to do a great deal of work rapidly. But the work is not directed toward any particular movement. The rapid work cycle instantly depletes the attacker’s blood sugar by converting it to lactic acid. The attacker is left unable to produce energy and too weak to move.
Effective Target Zone
Since the stun gun current affects the person’s muscles and nerves, it doesn’t matter where you apply the current because there are muscles and nerves all over the body. Also, should the attacker be touching you, the current will not pass to your body!
By combining the understanding how the human body works with the knowledge of electrical current, stun guns have become one of the most effective and reliable non lethal weapons of our time. It is the self defense weapon of choice for personal protection.